Literal truth

Writing gave birth to the notion that facts could assert themselves, independent of any speaker. A mind independent world became a possibility.

Projective images gave birth to the notion that the world could be seen as it is, geometrically and quantitatively, and thus mind-independently.

Before projective images and writing, the very notion of a mind independent world made no sense. Now we are so immersed in texts and images that we doubt the reality of living.